OverviewAgriculture is a major economic sector for the people of Rwanda, employing about 70% of the total population. The industry contributes about 31% to GDP, and it stands out as one of the most strategic sectors in Rwanda’s development. It accounts for a more significant part of the foreign exchange earnings from the exports of products, including; coffee, tea, hides and skins, pyrethrum, and horticulture. 75% of Rwanda’s agricultural production comes from smallholder farmers.
Rwanda’s principal crops include coffee, pyrethrum, tea, flowers, beans, cassava banana, Irish potatoes, rice, wheat, sugarcane, among others. About 61% of Rwandan soil is suitable for agriculture as the soils are fertile. The Government of Rwanda is tangibly committed to boosting the development of the country’s agri-sector. It has invested considerably in infrastructure, responsive institutions, inclusive markets, and innovation &extension while creating an enabling environment for private sector investment. Meanwhile, investment opportunities exist in the following: Dairy, Poultry, Meat processing, Horticulture, Aquaculture, Mechanization, crop sourcing, blockchain, Agro-tourism, manufacturing of irrigation equipment, and cold chain logistics.
For domestic and international markets. staple foods with significant potential for growth include beans, rice, maize and potatoes.
In the bid to boost the country’s exports, Rwanda presents enormous opportunities in the highly competitive commodities such as; French beans, peas, horticulture specialties – baby corn, chilli, mini leek, African eggplants, mushrooms and herbs – Exotic fruits growing, especially apples, bananas, passion fruits, avocados, as well as flower growing.
Washing and roasting opportunities as premium
coffee harvests grow.
Irrigation and sale of agricultural equipment for large- scale farming.
DISTRIBUTION AND COLD CHAIN:
Need for improved infrastructure for export products.
Large-scale farms, slaughter houses and export of meat and feed mills
For meat exports
Cold chain, processing of UHT milk, yoghurt, cheese, butter etc
Incentives for investors in the sector
Fiscal incentives offered:
- Duty-free importation of all inputs
- Tax exemption for agriculture equipment
- 50% reduction in corporate income tax, if you are a registered investor exporting 50% of the turnover of products produced in Rwanda
- 7-year tax holiday for export-oriented registered investment projects
- One-stop center facilitation to registered investors
- Aftercare services with a focal point person following up on your project